Manual Testing is a process by which bugs and defects can be found out in a software program module, during development. The Tester plays a prominent role of the ‘end user’ in this method, and verifies the applicability of all the features, and their correct functioning. The Test Cases are manually executed, without the help of any Automation tools.
The differences that arise between actual results, and those desired are treated as defects. Those are then fixed by the developers of the Application. The Tester then retests the defects to ensure that they are fixed. The final goal is to ensure that the Application is error free and works to an optimum quality towards the customer’s satisfaction.
- “Software Testing Second Edition SAMS”(book), by Pattton.